Sunday, March 18News That Matters

About Kerala

In SBI Clerk Mains, everyone got shocked seeing a good number of static questions other than Current Affairs and Banking Awareness. Well, this simply means what SBI is expecting and keeping up to the expectation, you will have to be ready for any kind of challenge. It is quite tough to chose what to study and what not to. Friends, its not easy to prepare current affairs, banking awareness and static awareness all at once and that too a week or two before exam. So friends, we are starting a series that will help you learn static general awareness in a state wise manner. Its classified in this way so that you can remember all the important things about that state. Today, we are discussing the state Kerala.

With the Arabian Sea in the west, the Western Ghats towering 500-2700 m in the east and networked by 44 rivers, Kerala enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought after tourist destinations in Asia. An equable climate. A long shoreline with serene beaches. Tranquil stretches of emerald backwaters. Lush hill stations and exotic wildlife. Waterfalls. Sprawling plantations and paddy fields. Ayurvedic health holidays. Enchanting art forms. Magical festivals. Historic and cultural monuments. An exotic cuisine… All of which offer you a unique experience. And what’s more, each of these charming destinations is only a two hour drive from the other – a singular advantage no other destination offers.


Geographical view:

Area:        38,863 km²

Land Structure: The topography consists of a hot and wet coastal plain gradually rising in elevation to the high hills and mountains of the Western Ghats. 

Main CropsCash Crops like coconut, rubber, tea, coffee, pepper, cardamom, areca nut, ginger, nutmeg, cinnamon etc

food crops paddy tapioca etc

Climate:  humid tropical wet climate

Main minerals: Heavy Mineral Sands ( Ilmenite, Rutile, Zircon, Monazite, Sillimanite) ,Gold, Iron ore, Bauxite, Graphite, China Clay, Fire Clay, Tile and Brick Clay, Silica Sand, Lignite, Limestone, Limeshell, Dimension Stone (Granite), Gemstones, Magnesite, Steatite etc. However, mining activities on large scale are confined mainly to a few minerals – Heavy Mineral Sands, China Clay and to a lesser extent Limestone/Limeshell, Silica Sand and Granite. In fact, Heavy mineral sand and China Clay contribute more than 90% of the total value of mineral production in the State.

River and dams:


Sl.No. Dam River Nearest City Purpose/Project
1. Idukki (Eb)/Idukki Arch Dam Periyar Devikolam Hydroelectric
2. MullaPeriyar Dam Periyar Idduki Hydroelectric,Irrigation
3. Chimoni (Id) Dam Chimoni Mukundapuram Irrigation
4. Sholayar (Main ) (Eb) Dam chalakudy Theissur Hydroelectric
5. Moozhiyar Spillway Dam Moozhiyar Pathanamthita Hydroelectric, Irrigation


Sl.No. River
1. Periyar
2. Bharathapuzha
3. Pampa
4. Manimala
5. Chalakudy
6. Kabini
7. Chandragiri
8. Moozhiyar
9. Chimoni


Sl.No. Lake Located in/near
1. Sasthamkotta Lake Kollam
2. Vembanad Lake Kottayam
3. The Ashtamudi Lake Kollam
4. Akkulam Lake Thiruvanthapuram

Important Festivals:

Sl.No. Festival Name Remarks
1. Onam Kerala’s harvest festival
2. Vishu most auspicious day to start anything new
3. Cochin Carnival a tradition inherited from Portuguese

National Parks:

Name of National Park Special Species (if any important) Important Remarks
Eravikulam National Park an abode to the Nilgiri Tahr (an endangered mountain goat) situated in the Idukki district along the Western Ghats
Silent Valley National Park natural and unspoilt rainforests in the entire subcontinent
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary Grizzled Giant Squirrels dry thorny forest in good numbers
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary migratory birds like Siberian Stork, Darter, Teal and Egret  it is located on the eastern bank of the Vembanad Lake largest freshwater lake in Kerala and longest in India
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary Tiger reserve and Asian elephant The park encircles the 26 sq km lake
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary Jungle Fowl, Shrike, Sunbird Salim Ali, declared the park as the ‘richest bird habitat on peninsular India
Wayanad Sanctuary recognised under Protect Elephant project important part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary Asia’s 14th largest arch dam, Idukki Arch Dam, which adds to the thrill of touring a wildlife sanctuary

Nick Names of cities

Sl.No. City Nick Name Famous
1 Ernakulam (Cochin) Queen of the Arabian Sea Right from the distant past, the Arabs, Chinese, Portuguese, British and the Dutch have left deep-seated marks on the history and development of Cochin
2 Idukki Idukki Arch Dam, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Spice Plantation Tours and Elephant Rides
3 Kannur crown of Kerala

Jawaharlal Nehru referred to as the ‘Garden of India

This place is the melting pot of many cultures, religions and traditions
4 kollam Indian cashewnuts are processed and traded
5 Kottayam 100% literacy
6 Thiruvananthapuram Trivandrum built on seven hills and is the capital of Kerala, God’s own country.

Famous temple: 

Sl.No Monument/Temple/Sites Located in Remarks
1 Rock cut cave
2 Umbrella prehistoric site Thrissur
3 Jain Temple Wynad
4 Burial Cave Thrissur
5 Srikoil of the Vishnu temple Thrissur  29 Wooden Bracket Figures on the outer wall
6 Kailasanatha temple Thrissur Mural paintings on the wall

Thermal Power plants in Kerala:

Name of Thermal Power Plant Location Important Remarks
Brahmapuram Powerplant Kochi Oil based powerplant
Kayamkulam Powerplany Alappuzha Naphtha used as fuel
Kozhikode Power plant Nallalam Kozhikode Diesel based

Administrative view:

Foundation date :  October 31, 1956,

Capital: Thiruvananthapuram

Chief minister: Pinarayi Vijayan

Governor: P. Sathasivam


High Court: Kerala Unnatha Nyayalayam at Kochi, Ernakulam.

Number of MLA: 140

Number of MP in LokShabha:  20

Number of MP in Rajyasabha: 9

Economical View:

Sources of Irrigation: The major source of irrigation is wells (30%), government canals (26%), tanks (11%) and private canals (1.125) respectively


principal language: Malyalam

State population: 34.8 million

Important dances:






Main Airports: 


Trivandrum International Airport       Thiruvananthapuram

Kannur International Airport               Kannur

Cochin International Airport                Kochi

Calicut International Airport                Karipur


Cochin Port

Kottayam Port and Container Terminal

Vizhinjam International Seaport

Kozhikkode Port

Interesting Facts About Kerala

  1. First literate state of India
  2. First state to implement land reform bills and education reform bills
  3. Lower birth rate
  4. Least infant mortality
  5. State with maximum life expectancy
  6. The only state with the facilities of hospitals in every village
  7. Excellent communication infrastructure.
  8. One among the states where Air, Water and Road are used as the media for transportation.
  9. India’s first defence Industrial Park in Kerala
  10. The Sex Ratio in Kerala is 1084 female for each 1000 male


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