Friday, June 22News That Matters

ABOUT ANDHRA PRADESH

 

ABOUT ANDHRA PRADESH

Geographical view:
Area: 160,205 km²
Land Structure: It contains plain (Andhra plains), Plateau (Rayalsima plateau, khammamplatue), Mountains (Eastern Ghats Vijayawada hills)
Important river: Krishna, Penneru, Godavari,
Main Crops: Rice, jowar, bajra, wheat, maize etc…
Climate: tropical climate
Main minerals: due to the variety of rocksand minerals it is called as ratnaGarbha.
First in iron ore production, magnese ore etc it is top producer of minerals in india.
Largest mica producer
Industries: AP ranks 4th at National level in IT performance.

River and dams:

Sl.No. River Dam Nearest City Remark
1. Krishna a)Srisailam

b)Nagarjuna Sagar

c)Parkasam Barrage

Kurnool

Guntur

Guntur

Gravity & Earth-fill
2. Godavari Dowleswaram Barrage

Polavaram Project

Rajamundry For irrigation
3. Machkund River/ Sileru Lower Sileru hydro Visakhapatnam

Khammam

4. Penneru Nellore,

Cuddapah

5. Nagavati Srikulam

Administrative view:

  • Foundation date :  1 November 1956
  • Capital: Amaravati
  • District: 13
  • Legislative: 175
  • Number of MLA: 175
  • Number of MP in Lok Sabha: 25
  • Number of MP in Rajya sabha: 11

 

Cabinet ministers:

Name House Ministry Constituency
Shri Ashok Gajpati Raju pusapati Lok Sabha civil aviation Vizianagaram
Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman Rajya Sabha Minister of state IC  commerce & industries
Shri Y.S. chowdary Rajya sabha state minister Earth and science , sci.& tech

 

Others:

Principal language: Telgu and Urdu

State population: 49.67 million

Important dances:

  1. Kuchipudi
  2. Andhra nirtyam / Natyam

 

Sl.No. Festival Name Remarks
1. Makar Sakranti It is also known as harvest festival
2. Ugadi Telegu new year
3. Varalakshmi Vratham

 

National Parks:

Name of National Park Special Species (if any important) Important Remarks
Sri Venkateshwara National Park have many waterfalls
Gundla brahmeswaram park is Located between Kurnool and Prakasam districts over the Nallamallai mountain range
Coringa National Park more than 120 birds species are found situated near Kakinada port
The Alisagar Deer park  It is decorated with hillocks and flower gardens that increase the beauty of park

 

Reserved parks:

Reserve Parks Special Species (if any important) Important Remarks
Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam tiger reserve spread over five districts (Nalgonda, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Prakasam&Guntoor)
Rollapadu WLS Only habitat for the endangered Great Indian Bustard located in the Kurnool district
Pulicat Lake WLS located in Nellore, Chittoor districts

 

Sport Stadiums/Arena:

Sl.No. Stadium/Arena Sport-Purpose City
1. Aca Vdca Stadium Cricket Visakhapatnam

 

Important City:

Sl.No. City Nick Name Famous
1 Amaravati riverfront capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
2 Guntur exports large quantities of chillies and tobacco
3 Visakhapatnam Financial Capital of Andhra Pradesh
4 Vijayawada recognised as a “Global City of the Future by McKinsey Quarterly
5 Tirupati Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh India’s Ministry of Tourism named Tirupati as the “Best Heritage City
6 Anantpur largest district in the state

 

Famous temple:

Sl.No. Monument/Temple/Sites Located in Remarks
1 Venkateswara Temple Tirumala(Tirupati Balaji) in Chittoor District
2 Srisailam Kurnool District The sanctum sanctorium is covered with gold
3 Vinayaka Temple Kanipakam Chittoor District on the banks of river Bahuda temple of Lord SwayambuVinayaka
4 Sri Veereswara Swamy Temple Muramalla This holy shrine is the abode of Lord Sri Veereswaraswamy
5 Amaravati Guntur District  known as Dhanyakataka/Dharanikota   great Buddhist site Stupa built in pre-Mauryan times
6 Lakshmi Narasimha Temple It is situated at the foot of the Auspicious Hill in Mangalagiri of Guntur district one of the eight sacred places of Lord Vishnu in India.

 

Major Airports:

  1. Visakhapatnam Airport: Visakhapatnam
  2. Vijayawada Airport: Vijayawada
  3. Cuddapah Airport: Cuddapah

 

Ports:

AP is the secound maritime state (after Gujrat) in terms of cargo handled.

  1. Visakhapatnam Port: Visakhapatnam District (It is the fifth busiest port in India in terms of Cargo handled)
  2. Kakinada Port: East Godavari District

 

Thermal Power plants in Andhra pradesh:

Name of Thermal Power Plant Location Important Remarks
RayalaseemaThrmal Power plant Cuddapah, 1050 megawatt (MW)  coal plant
vemagiri Power plant EAstGodawari 388 MW gas based
vijayawada thermal plant Krishna coal-based power plants
Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant Visakhapatnam coal-fired power plant
Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station Nellore coal-based power plants

 

Tribes

Savara

Gadaba

Khonds

Koya

 

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